Environmental enteric dysfunction, additionally referred to as EED, is characterised by a persistent irritation of the gut. It is a silent health drawback in center to low-earnings international locations—and pathogens affecting the intestines are thought to play a job in its improvement.
Children and adults who’ve EED might not have ache or clear signs, however they’re extra prone to expertise sure infections and dietary deficiencies. The tiny finger-like villi that line their intestines are flatter than these seen in wholesome individuals, with implications for decreased dietary absorption.
EED is very problematic for youngsters as a result of it’s strongly linked to stunting, a situation the place youngsters are statistically a lot shorter than common. This in flip is linked to decrease financial, instructional, and health attainment, elevated threat of persistent illnesses similar to diabetes, and even decreased life spans and high quality of life. In 2020, stunting affected 149 million youngsters beneath the age of 5, globally.
DeLene Beeland April 18, 2022