Stay Safe in Summer’s Sizzle – Consumer Health News

SATURDAY, July 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Temperatures are skyrocketing throughout the United States, because the excessive sky solar bakes everybody who ventures out for some summer season enjoyable.Unfortunately, these file excessive temperatures improve your threat of experiencing warmth-associated diseases throughout your typical summer season actions, mentioned Dr. Maria Mejia, affiliate professor of household and group medication at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.Dehydration is the primary signal of most warmth-associated diseases, Mejia mentioned, and its frequent signs differ by age.Children and infants who’re dehydrated are inclined to have a dry mouth and tongue, sunken eyes and cheeks, irritability, no tears when crying, or no moist diapers for 3 hours.Adults endure from excessive thirst, much less frequent urination, darkish-coloured urine, fatigue, dizziness and confusion.The tough half is that many individuals gained’t really feel thirsty till they’re already dehydrated, Mejia mentioned.“That’s why it is necessary to extend water consumption throughout sizzling climate or while you’re unwell,” she mentioned.People who don’t hydrate correctly throughout sizzling climate usually tend to expertise warmth exhaustion, Mejia mentioned.Heat exhaustion happens when the physique overheats and can’t cool itself down. Common signs embrace elevated sweating, fast coronary heart charge, low blood strain and lightheadedness.If left untreated, warmth exhaustion can escalate to nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, which hurries up your dehydration and makes the situation even more durable to deal with.Heat exhaustion is extra doubtless in humid areas, as excessive humidity slows and even stops sweat from evaporating off the pores and skin and cooling you off, Mejia mentioned.Heat stroke happens in individuals who stay out in excessive temperatures after they’ve began displaying signs of warmth exhaustion.Specifically, warmth stroke happens when an individual’s core physique temperature reaches 104 levels Fahrenheit.That physique temperature does harm to the mind and nervous system, inflicting disorientation, confusion, behavioral modifications, temper swings and altered psychological standing. In critical circumstances, seizures or comas can happen.Vital organs just like the mind, liver and kidneys can be broken by warmth stroke.Although anybody can fall prey to warmth-associated diseases, sure teams are at larger threat, Mejia mentioned.“Those at biggest threat for warmth-associated sickness embrace infants and kids as much as 4 years of age, folks 65 years of age and older, people who find themselves chubby and people who find themselves unwell or on sure medicines,” Mejia mentioned. “People working outside who’re uncovered to extreme quantities of warmth, like welders or landscapers, are additionally at nice threat.”The finest methods to guard your self, in keeping with Mejia, embrace:Limiting outside publicity throughout sizzling days, notably between 11 a.m. and three p.m.Running your air-con or going to a spot that has it.Drinking numerous water.Replacing salt misplaced by sweating with fruit juice or sports activities drinks.Dressing in unfastened, light-weight clothes and put on a hat when exterior.Wearing sunscreen.You additionally ought to by no means depart children or pets in a closed, parked automobile throughout sizzling summer season days. And, Mejia added, it might be good of you to verify in on neighbors who could be in danger for warmth-associated sickness.More infoThe U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has extra about warmth-associated diseases.SOURCE: Baylor College of Medicine, information launch, July 12, 2022

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