Transforming Cardiac Care in India, Health News, ET HealthWorld

Transforming Cardiac Care in India, Health News, ET HealthWorld

by Dr. Mohammed Rehan SayeedIn India, heart disease is a significant problem affecting millions of people, especially coronary artery disease (CAD), which makes up 12.5% of heart disease cases. Heart disease comes in different forms, like rheumatic heart disease, valvular heart disease, and cardiomyopathy. In fact, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), India has the highest CVD burden in the world, with an estimated 62.8 million people living with the condition in 2020. While there are several treatment options for heart disease, surgery is the only method to treat certain heart-related ailments. Requiring unmatched precision and dexterity robotic-assisted surgery has emerged as a form of technologically advanced surgical methodologies that can aid in the most complex of procedures. In a country where approximately 60,000 CABG surgeries and 12,000 valve replacement surgeries are performed each, robotic-assisted surgery has emerged as a game-changer in bringing excellence to cardiac care. Robotic-assisted surgery using the da Vinci system has emerged as a ground-breaking advancement in cardiac surgery, offering numerous benefits to patients, especially individuals with additional risk factors like diabetes or hypertensionBenefits of robotic-assisted surgery in cardiac procedures Robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) offers significant advantages and versatility in treating various cardiac conditions, including mitral valve replacement (MVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). It is also especially helpful in patients with comorbidities such as diabetes and hypertension. In the case of CABG procedures, robotic-assisted surgery using systems such as da Vinci enables surgeons to work through smaller incisions, leading to reduced pain, scarring, and shorter hospital stays, ultimately facilitating a quicker recovery process. Additionally, robotic-assisted surgery enhances precision by providing surgeons with a magnified, high-resolution view of the surgical area. This aids in identifying and dissecting small blood vessels and nerves accurately while minimizing the risk of damaging surrounding tissues.These benefits are especially crucial for minimising blood loss, infection risk, and speeding up recovery, as RAS eliminates the need to cut the chest bone, resulting in lesser post-operative pain, improved outcomes and a better quality of life for patients. Additionally, this minimally invasive approach is particularly beneficial for delicate cardiac procedures like mitral valve replacements (MVR) and bypass surgeries. In the case of MVR surgery, robotic-assisted surgery plays a pivotal role in achieving better patient outcomes. The dexterity and 3D vision offered by robotic-assisted surgery are essential for the successful completion of this intricate procedure. The confined space and complexity of the mitral valve repair surgery benefit greatly from robotic-assisted surgery’s enhanced visualization and precision, ensuring safer and more effective operations.Robotic-assisted surgery also aids in the accurate identification and dissection of small structures, such as mitral valve leaflets and chordae tendineae, reducing the risk of damage to surrounding tissues, including the heart muscle and coronary arteries. Being minimally invasive, RAS causes less trauma to the patient’s chest and tissues, resulting in reduced pain, blood loss, and complications. Further, patients undergoing RAS for mitral valve repair typically experience shorter hospital stays and faster post-surgery recovery.Dr. Mohammed Rehan Sayeed, Consultant – Cardiovascular And Thoracic Surgery Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery, Heart Transplant SurgeryManipal Hospital, Yeshwanthpur – Bengaluru(DISCLAIMER: The views expressed are solely of the author and ETHealthworld does not necessarily subscribe to it. shall not be responsible for any damage caused to any person / organisation directly or indirectly.)

Published On Jan 5, 2024 at 07:53 AM IST

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